React Native & Jest: Mock Platform OS and color scheme

React Native & Jest: Mock Platform OS and color scheme

When you have a React Native application and want to feature test your components. Sooner or later, you will check how the component renders from an iOS, iPad or Android device.

The tricky part is not adding support to the device. That comes by default from the framework. The complicated part is to tell the testing framework that you want to render a component in a particular device.

Here I’m going to list the solutions I found trying to add those.

🔨 What libraries am I using?

For this purpose, I’m currently using the following framework versions:

  • React: 18
  • React Native: 0.70.2
  • Jest: 29.1
  • Typescript: 4.8
  • @testing-library/react-native : 11.2.0 (for testing JSX components)

💻 Mocking device OS

Detecting OS as a helper function

As you might know, we have the Platform.OS option to detect over which platform we are running our code. To make testing and/or reusing the code in our project more straightforward, I prefer to have a “Helper” file. For the next example, I’m using ESM syntax, but you can still use CommonJS module one.

Let’s add a static method so we won’t need to instantiate the class. Rather than new Helpers().isIpad()we can just use Helpers.isIpad() .

import { Platform } from "react-native";
export default class Helpers {
static isIpad(): boolean {
const devicePlatform = Platform;
if (devicePlatform.OS !== "ios") {
return false;
return devicePlatform.isPad ?? false;

Now, how can we test this simple function against different devices and operating systems? Let’s see the next test that I wrote after many hours of struggling to find overrides.

I’m also adding some edge cases to try to reach 100% of the code’s coverage case.

Remember that react native would still detect an iPad device as an ios device.

Writing the tests

Let’s test that our function can run over Android.

import { Platform } from "react-native";
it("check if isIpad returns false if device is android", () => {
Platform.OS = "android";
const isIpadDefault = Helpers.isIpad();

As you can see, we can use Platform.OS to override our platform per test.

// Typescript
jest.spyOn(Platform as PlatformIOSStatic, "isPad", "get").mockReturnValueOnce(true);
// Javascript
jest.spyOn(Platform, "isPad", "get").mockReturnValueOnce(true);

An iPad device will be treated as they use ios operating system. So, how do we force React Native always to retrieve truein its Platform.isIpad()function?

Here is where spies come to help us. Since isIpadis a getter function, this is an easier way to override it. Then I’d prefer to use mockReturnValueOnce here to specify when the functions execute once, it will retrieve that first time the value that I need.

For Typescript, we will use PlatformIOSStatic . This is a way to tell TS that Platform types (and functions) will be referring to an iOS / iPad device.

Once we learned that, we could add some tests to cover any uncommon or edge case.

import { Platform } from "react-native";
import type { PlatformIOSStatic } from "react-native";
it("check if isIpad returns false if device is Android", () => {
Platform.OS = "android";
const isIpadDefault = Helpers.isIpad();
// Branch validation case
it("check if isIpad returns false if device is iOS and iPad returns undefined", () => {
Platform.OS = "ios";
jest.spyOn(Platform as PlatformIOSStatic, "isPad", "get").mockReturnValueOnce(undefined);
const isIpadDefault = Helpers.isIpad();
it("check if isIpad returns false if device is iOS and not iPad", () => {
Platform.OS = "ios";
jest.spyOn(Platform as PlatformIOSStatic, "isPad", "get").mockReturnValueOnce(false);
const isIpadDefault = Helpers.isIpad();
it("check if isIpad returns true if device is iOS and iPad", () => {
Platform.OS = "ios";
jest.spyOn(Platform as PlatformIOSStatic, "isPad", "get").mockReturnValueOnce(true);
const isIpadDefault = Helpers.isIpad();

Test pollution

Since some tests can run in parallel, we can have some test pollution. It means that some tests values could override other ones from the same group. Do you see how I need to do a Platform.OS = 'ios' for every test? If you want a default platform, you can wrap your test in a describe function and add an afterEach . With this, we can override the platform and set an initial one after every test.

describe("Here they come all your tests", () => {
afterEach(() => {
Platform.OS = "ios";
// ... You can put all your tests here

🎨 Mocking useColorScheme hook

Ok, now we can override the platform. But what about dark mode? Whether you are using Android or iOS, dark mode will be useful, especially at night or in dark environments. From React Native, we can conditional code some styles based on that. And we have native access to the useColorSchemehook. But how can we mock it?

First, let’s see an example using the hook to implement the dark mode inside a component.

My ColoredStatusBar component

This function changes the color of the status bar, only validating if the OS is ios and with light mode. That file GlobalStyles are React Native style declarations as an object. The useIsFocused is a React Navigation hook to detect if the current app is focused.

import React from "react";
import { StatusBar, StatusBarProps, useColorScheme } from "react-native";
import { useIsFocused } from "@react-navigation/native";
import GlobalStyles from "../constants/GlobalStyles";
import Helpers from "../services/Helpers";
export default function ColoredStatusBar(props: StatusBarProps) {
const isFocused = useIsFocused();
const scheme = useColorScheme();
const deviceOS = Helpers.getOS();
const color =
deviceOS === "ios" && scheme === "light"
? GlobalStyles.headerStyle.backgroundColor
: GlobalStyles.headerStyleDark.backgroundColor;
return isFocused ? <StatusBar backgroundColor={color} {...props} /> : null;

Current hook implementation

If we go to the source code of that useColorScheme we will find the following code. This is React Native code at the version specified before.

import { useSyncExternalStore } from "use-sync-external-store/shim";
import Appearance from "./Appearance";
import type { ColorSchemeName } from "./NativeAppearance";
export default function useColorScheme(): ?ColorSchemeName {
return useSyncExternalStore(
(callback) => {
const appearanceSubscription = Appearance.addChangeListener(callback);
return () => appearanceSubscription.remove();
() => Appearance.getColorScheme(),

They are using ESM exports to export a function by default. Mocking it would be different.

Let’s see how we can snapshot test the component.

Creating a snapshot test if device is iPad but in Dark Mode

it("renders for iOS if is focused and scheme is dark", () => {
Platform.OS = "ios";
jest.doMock("react-native/Libraries/Utilities/useColorScheme", () => ({
default: jest.fn().mockReturnValueOnce("dark"),
(useIsFocused as jest.Mock).mockReturnValue(true);
const { toJSON } = render(<ColoredStatusBar />);

Some notes here:

  • We use doMock to avoid test pollution. See some docs here . And we return dark at first call, because if we don’t mock it, it will return light by default.
  • We are testing that at least we are calling useIsFocused hook once (1st render).
  • We use toJSON to snapshot test the component.
My posts are not AI generated, they might be only AI corrected. The first draft is always my creation



Written by Helmer Davila

In other languages

Probando el código como dispositivo iOS, iPad o Android. Modo claro y modo oscuro.

React Native & Jest: Hacer un mock del dispositivo y del tema actual

Test du code en tant qu'appareil iOS, iPad et Android. Mode clair et mode sombre

React Native: Faire un mock d’un appareil et du thème

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